Etiket arşivi: get segment

How to get contoller / action segments like codeigniter

Today I needed get action segments like codeigniter. I searched this  on web but didnt found any solution as I want.

normaly you can use action parameters like that ;

/yourapp/controller/action/param1/param2/param3

when you need to get this params , Yii giving  param1=param2, and param3=

class TestController extends CController
{
public function actionUriTest(){
print_r($_GET);
}
}

when we call /yiiapp/test/uritest/param1/param2/param3

Output ;
Array ( [param1] => param2 [param3] => )

but we want to get like that something;  $this->uri->segment(2) ;  return value param1.

I got CodeIgniter URI Class and changed  a few parts of code.

First of all, create URI.php under protected/components/  and copy/paste below code.

<?php

class URI extends CComponent {

/**
* List of cached uri segments
*
* @var array
* @access public
*/
var    $keyval            = array();
/**
* Current uri string
*
* @var string
* @access public
*/
var $uri_string;
/**
* List of uri segments
*
* @var array
* @access public
*/
var $segments        = array();
/**
* Re-indexed list of uri segments
* Starts at 1 instead of 0
*
* @var array
* @access public
*/
var $rsegments        = array();

var $permitted_uri_chars = "a-z 0-9~%.:_\-";

var $enable_query_strings = false;

/**
| 'AUTO'            Default - auto detects
| 'PATH_INFO'        Uses the PATH_INFO
| 'QUERY_STRING'    Uses the QUERY_STRING
| 'REQUEST_URI'        Uses the REQUEST_URI
| 'ORIG_PATH_INFO'    Uses the ORIG_PATH_INFO
*/
var $uri_protocol = "AUTO"; //

/**
* Constructor
*
* Simply globalizes the $RTR object.  The front
* loads the Router class early on so it's not available
* normally as other classes are.
*
* @access    public
*/
function init()
{
$this->uri_string = $this->_detect_uri();
$this->_explode_segments();
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Get the URI String
*
* @access    private
* @return    string
*/
function _fetch_uri_string()
{
$uri = "";
if ($this->uri_protocol == 'AUTO')
{
// Is the request coming from the command line?
if (php_sapi_name() == 'cli' or defined('STDIN'))
{
$this->_set_uri_string($this->_parse_cli_args());
return;
}

// Let's try the REQUEST_URI first, this will work in most situations
if ($uri = $this->_detect_uri())
{
$this->_set_uri_string($uri);
return;
}

// Is there a PATH_INFO variable?
// Note: some servers seem to have trouble with getenv() so we'll test it two ways
$path = (isset($_SERVER['PATH_INFO'])) ? $_SERVER['PATH_INFO'] : @getenv('PATH_INFO');
if (trim($path, '/') != '' && $path != "/".SELF)
{
$this->_set_uri_string($path);
return;
}

// No PATH_INFO?... What about QUERY_STRING?
$path =  (isset($_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'])) ? $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'] : @getenv('QUERY_STRING');
if (trim($path, '/') != '')
{
$this->_set_uri_string($path);
return;
}

// As a last ditch effort lets try using the $_GET array
if (is_array($_GET) && count($_GET) == 1 && trim(key($_GET), '/') != '')
{
$this->_set_uri_string(key($_GET));
return;
}

// We've exhausted all our options...
$this->uri_string = '';
return;
}

if ($uri == 'REQUEST_URI')
{
$this->_set_uri_string($this->_detect_uri());
return;
}

$path = (isset($_SERVER[$uri])) ? $_SERVER[$uri] : @getenv($uri);
$this->_set_uri_string($path);
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Set the URI String
*
* @access    public
* @param     string
* @return    string
*/
function _set_uri_string($str)
{
// Filter out control characters
//$str = remove_invisible_characters($str, FALSE);

// If the URI contains only a slash we'll kill it
$this->uri_string = ($str == '/') ? '' : $str;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Detects the URI
*
* This function will detect the URI automatically and fix the query string
* if necessary.
*
* @access    private
* @return    string
*/
private function _detect_uri()
{
if ( ! isset($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']) OR ! isset($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']))
{
return '';
}

$uri = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
if (strpos($uri, $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']) === 0)
{
$uri = substr($uri, strlen($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']));
}
elseif (strpos($uri, dirname($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'])) === 0)
{
$uri = substr($uri, strlen(dirname($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'])));
}

// This section ensures that even on servers that require the URI to be in the query string (Nginx) a correct
// URI is found, and also fixes the QUERY_STRING server var and $_GET array.
if (strncmp($uri, '?/', 2) === 0)
{
$uri = substr($uri, 2);
}
$parts = preg_split('#\?#i', $uri, 2);
$uri = $parts[0];
if (isset($parts[1]))
{
$_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'] = $parts[1];
parse_str($_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'], $_GET);
}
else
{
$_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'] = '';
$_GET = array();
}

if ($uri == '/' || empty($uri))
{
return '/';
}

$uri = parse_url($uri, PHP_URL_PATH);

// Do some final cleaning of the URI and return it
return str_replace(array('//', '../'), '/', trim($uri, '/'));
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Parse cli arguments
*
* Take each command line argument and assume it is a URI segment.
*
* @access    private
* @return    string
*/
private function _parse_cli_args()
{
$args = array_slice($_SERVER['argv'], 1);

return $args ? '/' . implode('/', $args) : '';
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Filter segments for malicious characters
*
* @access    private
* @param    string
* @return    string
*/
function _filter_uri($str)
{
if ($str != '' && $this->permitted_uri_chars != '' && $this->enable_query_strings == FALSE)
{
// preg_quote() in PHP 5.3 escapes -, so the str_replace() and addition of - to preg_quote() is to maintain backwards
// compatibility as many are unaware of how characters in the permitted_uri_chars will be parsed as a regex pattern
if ( ! preg_match("|^[".str_replace(array('\\-', '\-'), '-', preg_quote($this->permitted_uri_chars, '-'))."]+$|i", $str))
{
show_error('The URI you submitted has disallowed characters.', 400);
}
}

// Convert programatic characters to entities
$bad    = array('$',        '(',        ')',        '%28',        '%29');
$good    = array('&#36;',    '&#40;',    '&#41;',    '&#40;',    '&#41;');

return str_replace($bad, $good, $str);
}

/**
* Explode the URI Segments. The individual segments will
* be stored in the $this->segments array.
*
* @access    private
* @return    void
*/
function _explode_segments()
{
foreach (explode("/", preg_replace("|/*(.+?)/*$|", "\\1", $this->uri_string)) as $val)
{
// Filter segments for security
$val = trim($this->_filter_uri($val));

if ($val != '')
{
$this->segments[] = $val;
}
}
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Re-index Segments
*
* This function re-indexes the $this->segment array so that it
* starts at 1 rather than 0.  Doing so makes it simpler to
* use functions like $this->uri->segment(n) since there is
* a 1:1 relationship between the segment array and the actual segments.
*
* @access    private
* @return    void
*/
function _reindex_segments()
{
array_unshift($this->segments, NULL);
array_unshift($this->rsegments, NULL);
unset($this->segments[0]);
unset($this->rsegments[0]);
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch a URI Segment
*
* This function returns the URI segment based on the number provided.
*
* @access    public
* @param    integer
* @param    bool
* @return    string
*/
function segment($n, $no_result = FALSE)
{
return ( ! isset($this->segments[$n])) ? $no_result : $this->segments[$n];
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch a URI "routed" Segment
*
* This function returns the re-routed URI segment (assuming routing rules are used)
* based on the number provided.  If there is no routing this function returns the
* same result as $this->segment()
*
* @access    public
* @param    integer
* @param    bool
* @return    string
*/
function rsegment($n, $no_result = FALSE)
{
return ( ! isset($this->rsegments[$n])) ? $no_result : $this->rsegments[$n];
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Generate a key value pair from the URI string
*
* This function generates and associative array of URI data starting
* at the supplied segment. For example, if this is your URI:
*
*    example.com/user/search/name/joe/location/UK/gender/male
*
* You can use this function to generate an array with this prototype:
*
* array (
*            name => joe
*            location => UK
*            gender => male
*         )
*
* @access    public
* @param    integer    the starting segment number
* @param    array    an array of default values
* @return    array
*/
function uri_to_assoc($n = 3, $default = array())
{
return $this->_uri_to_assoc($n, $default, 'segment');
}
/**
* Identical to above only it uses the re-routed segment array
*
* @access     public
* @param     integer    the starting segment number
* @param     array    an array of default values
* @return     array
*
*/
function ruri_to_assoc($n = 3, $default = array())
{
return $this->_uri_to_assoc($n, $default, 'rsegment');
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Generate a key value pair from the URI string or Re-routed URI string
*
* @access    private
* @param    integer    the starting segment number
* @param    array    an array of default values
* @param    string    which array we should use
* @return    array
*/
function _uri_to_assoc($n = 3, $default = array(), $which = 'segment')
{
if ($which == 'segment')
{
$total_segments = 'total_segments';
$segment_array = 'segment_array';
}
else
{
$total_segments = 'total_rsegments';
$segment_array = 'rsegment_array';
}

if ( ! is_numeric($n))
{
return $default;
}

if (isset($this->keyval[$n]))
{
return $this->keyval[$n];
}

if ($this->$total_segments() < $n)
{
if (count($default) == 0)
{
return array();
}

$retval = array();
foreach ($default as $val)
{
$retval[$val] = FALSE;
}
return $retval;
}

$segments = array_slice($this->$segment_array(), ($n - 1));

$i = 0;
$lastval = '';
$retval  = array();
foreach ($segments as $seg)
{
if ($i % 2)
{
$retval[$lastval] = $seg;
}
else
{
$retval[$seg] = FALSE;
$lastval = $seg;
}

$i++;
}

if (count($default) > 0)
{
foreach ($default as $val)
{
if ( ! array_key_exists($val, $retval))
{
$retval[$val] = FALSE;
}
}
}

// Cache the array for reuse
$this->keyval[$n] = $retval;
return $retval;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Generate a URI string from an associative array
*
*
* @access    public
* @param    array    an associative array of key/values
* @return    array
*/
function assoc_to_uri($array)
{
$temp = array();
foreach ((array)$array as $key => $val)
{
$temp[] = $key;
$temp[] = $val;
}

return implode('/', $temp);
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch a URI Segment and add a trailing slash
*
* @access    public
* @param    integer
* @param    string
* @return    string
*/
function slash_segment($n, $where = 'trailing')
{
return $this->_slash_segment($n, $where, 'segment');
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch a URI Segment and add a trailing slash
*
* @access    public
* @param    integer
* @param    string
* @return    string
*/
function slash_rsegment($n, $where = 'trailing')
{
return $this->_slash_segment($n, $where, 'rsegment');
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch a URI Segment and add a trailing slash - helper function
*
* @access    private
* @param    integer
* @param    string
* @param    string
* @return    string
*/
function _slash_segment($n, $where = 'trailing', $which = 'segment')
{
$leading    = '/';
$trailing    = '/';

if ($where == 'trailing')
{
$leading    = '';
}
elseif ($where == 'leading')
{
$trailing    = '';
}

return $leading.$this->$which($n).$trailing;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Segment Array
*
* @access    public
* @return    array
*/
function segment_array()
{
return $this->segments;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Routed Segment Array
*
* @access    public
* @return    array
*/
function rsegment_array()
{
return $this->rsegments;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Total number of segments
*
* @access    public
* @return    integer
*/
function total_segments()
{
return count($this->segments);
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Total number of routed segments
*
* @access    public
* @return    integer
*/
function total_rsegments()
{
return count($this->rsegments);
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch the entire URI string
*
* @access    public
* @return    string
*/
function uri_string()
{
return $this->uri_string;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Fetch the entire Re-routed URI string
*
* @access    public
* @return    string
*/
function ruri_string()
{
return '/'.implode('/', $this->rsegment_array());
}

}
// END URI Class

Installation URI component;

copy/past below code to under components your yii config file

'uri' => array(
'class'=>'application.components.URI',
),

and be sure

'import'=>array(
'application.models.*',
'application.components.*',
),

Now you can get action segments. Example Code is below;
For this url  http://localhost/yiiapp/test/uri/param1/param2/param3


<?php

class TestController extends CController
{
public function actionUri(){
//return all segments
$segments = Yii::app()->uri->segment_array();
print_r($segments);

//For get param1
echo Yii::app()->uri->segment(2);

//For get param2
echo Yii::app()->uri->segment(3);
}
}
?>

Enjoy it.